Eureka! Invention and Innovation in New Jersey Learning Module 

Inspired by Abram Spanel, the last private owner of Drumthwacket who held more than 2000 patents at the time of his death,  this unit of study provides resources and guidance for 4th grade teachers leading students towards meeting or exceeding targeted New Jersey Social Studies and English Language Arts standards. The Social Studies standards addressed in this unit of study include those related to understanding the history and impact of innovation.
 
Students will learn about New Jersey inventors and inventions. Students will explore the impact of these inventions on people and the economy. As a means of addressing important ELA standards, students will read primary source articles, answer comprehension and text based questions, research specific inventors and their inventions, and share their findings in the form of presentations. Students will also make improvements on existing inventions and create their own inventions. For your convenience, graphic organizers, assessments, power point slides and hyperlinks to text resources have been included  within each lesson's "Teacher Toolbox".
 
There are five lessons in this unit. Each lesson can be taught as a separate entity, or the unit may be taught in its entirety.  Depending on your needs, this unit can be taught in as little as two weeks, extended for an entire marking period, or to use throughout the school year.  

The companion Eureka! Student Site reinfoces learning with educational games, puzzles and an interactive New Jersey map highlighting cities associated with each inventor or invention featured in lesson 2. 

Your feedback is important! 
Please help the Drumthwacket Foundation by completing this brief survey as we are always interested in ways to strengthen the module. 
Thank you!

______________________

The Foundation sincerely recognizes the following educators for generously donating their time and expertise to develop Eureka! Invention and Innovation in New Jersey

Kathy Assini  |   2013-2014 Teacher of the Year, Delsea Middle School. Franklinville, NJ

Michelle DelBene  |  Charles Hudson School, 4th grade. Elizabeth, NJ

Jeanne DelColle  |  2012 NJ State Teacher of the Year. Instructional Development and Strategic Partnerships Specialist, The Richard Stockton College of NJ School of Education

Geralyn Gerhart  |  Joyce Kilmer School, 8th grade. Milltown, NJ

Jill Maiorano  |  Parkview Elementary School, 4th grade.  Milltown, NJ

Jeanne Muzi  |  2008- 2009 Teacher of the Year.  Elementrary Enrichment Specialist/Gifted & Talented Teacher, Lawrence Township Public Schools

Gratitude is also extended to Linda J. Barth, author of A History of Inventing in New Jersey, for her assistance in writing the inventor summaries found in Lesson 2 and Eureka! Student Site. 

Lesson 1: Understanding Invention vs. Discovery

Objectives: In this lesson students will be able to differentiate between a discovery and an  invention by explaining that a discovery is something that already exists in nature, while an invention is something created by someone. Students will be able to identify that an invention starts with an idea, and explain that for an invention to be successful, it usually has to make things easier and or more efficient.

Description: In this introductory lesson students will start a KWL chart on inventors and  inventions, and place cards in one of two categories: Invention or Discovery. Students will also work collaboratively to find facts on well-known inventors and inventions and present their information to the class.

 

 

Targeted Standards in this Lesson

Common Core State Standards Grade 4 English Language Arts

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1b Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2d Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1c Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others.

New Jersey Grade 4 Social Studies Standards

  • 6.1.4.C.12- Evaluate the impact of ideas, inventions and other contributions of prominent figures who lived in New Jersey.
  • 6.1.4.C.16- Explain how creativity and innovation resulted in scientific achievement and inventions in many cultures during different historical periods.

New Jersey Grades 3-5 Technology Standards

  • 8.2.5.B.4- Research technologies that have changed due to society's changing needs and wants
  • 8.2.5.A.1-Compare and contrast how products made in nature differ from products that are human made in how they are produced and used

 

Lesson 2: History of Invention & Discovery in New Jersey

Objectives: Students will be able to read articles on various New Jersey inventors and inventions. Students will be able to answer questions about the texts and be able to explain how the inventions and innovation have impacted people, society, and/or the economy in New Jersey.

Description: In this lesson students will read an article to gain knowledge needed to answer questions about inventors and inventions. They will be able to identify several inventions that originated in New Jersey. Students will then research a New Jersey inventor and do oral presentations.

Targeted Standards in Lesson 2

Common Core State Standards Grade 4 English Language Arts

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.7 Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.5 Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.9 Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1b Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2b Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1c Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others.

New Jersey Core Content Standards - Social Studies

  • 6.1.4.C.12- Evaluate the impact of ideas, inventions and other contributions of prominent figures who lived in New Jersey.
  • 6.1.4.C.16- Explain how creativity and innovation resulted in scientific achievement and inventions in many cultures during different historical periods.

New Jersey Core Content Standards - Science

  • 5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge. 
  • C. Reflect on Scientific Knowledge: Scientific knowledge builds on itself over time.

New Jersey Grades 3-5 Technology Standards

  • 8.2.5.B.4- Research technologies that have changed due to society's changing needs and wants
  • 8.2.2.B.4- Identify how the ways people live and work has changed because of technology
Lesson 3: Inventions: Mistakes & Improvements

ObjectivesIn this lesson, students will be able to identify inventions that happened as a result of a mistake. Students will be able to write an explanatory essay in which they discuss a time when a mistake they made turned into something positive. Students will also be able to identify that many inventions have been improved over time. 

Students will create a timeline on the history of the bicycle, noting improvement made to this invention as well as identifying improvements made to inventions we use each day. Students will use a Venn diagram to compare and contrast bicycles of the past with present day bicycles.

Students will work collaboratively to make improvements to existing inventions and draw a diagram of the improved invention.

Description: In this lesson students will read articles about inventions that happened by mistake. They will also explore improvements made to inventions, and compare and contrast bicycles of the past with present day bicycles. Finally, students will work collaboratively to make improvements to an existing invention, and draw a diagram of the improved invention.

Targeted Standards in this Lesson

Common Core State Standards Grade 4 English Language Arts

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.7 Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.5 Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.9 Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1b Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2b Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2d Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.5 With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-3 up to and including grade 4 here.)
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1c Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.3 Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.4 Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.

Common Core State Standards Grade 4 Math

  • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.4.MD.B.4-Represent and interpret data. Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements (Measure increments for time line)

New Jersey Core Content Standards - Social Studies

  • 6.1.4.C.12- Evaluate the impact of ideas, inventions and other contributions of prominent figures who lived in New Jersey.
  • 6.1.4.C.16- Explain how creativity and innovation resulted in scientific achievement and inventions in many cultures during different historical periods.

New Jersey Core Content Standards - Science

  • 5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge. 

New Jersey Grades 3-5 Technology Standards

  • 8.2.5.B.4- Research technologies that have changed due to society's changing needs and wants
  • 8.2.5.C.3 - Research how design modification have lead to new products
Lesson 4: Invention & the Economy

ObjectivesIn this lesson students will differentiate between invention and entrepreneurship. Students will explain that an inventor develops a new good or service to help solve problems and/or increase productivity (i.e. more goods or money in less time). Students will explain that an entrepreneur is someone who risks money to bring a new or improved product (invention) or service to market. An entrepreneur may or not be the inventor.

Vocabulary: entrepreneur, income, profit, productivity, revenue, employee, employer Description: The purpose of this lesson is to teach students how inventions impact the economy by bringing jobs or other resources to a community.

Description: The purpose of this lesson is to teach students how inventions impact the economy by bringing jobs or other resources to a community.  

Targeted Standards in Lesson 4

Common Core State Standards Grade 4 English Language Arts

  • RI.4.1. Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
  • RI.4.2. Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.
  • RI.4.3. Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
  • RI.4.5. Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
  • RI.4.7. Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.
  • RI.4.9. Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

New Jersey Grade 4 Social Studies Standards

  • 6.1.4.C.3 - Explain why incentives vary between and among producers and consumers.
  • 6.1.4.C.4 - Describe how supply and demand influence price and output of products.
  • 6.1.4.C.5 - Explain the role of specialization in the production and exchange of goods and services.
  • 6.1.4.C.6 - Describe the role and relationship among households, businesses, laborers, and governments within the economic system.
  • 6.1.4.C.12- Evaluate the impact of ideas, inventions, and other contributions of prominent figures who lived New Jersey.
  • 6.1.4.C.13- Determine the qualities of entrepreneurs in a capitalistic society.

New Jersey Grade 4 Math Standards

  • 4.MD.2 – Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money including problems involving simple fractions or decimals…
Lesson 5: Invent, Patent, Explain and Market Your Idea!

ObjectivesIn this lesson, students will be able to create their own invention.  Specifically, they will focus on either creating a “new” invention or making an existing invention better.

Students will prepare a persuasive essay focusing on marketing their product.  Additionally, they will sketch their product, and lastly, they will answer several questions to assist them in their preparation.  To that end, students will then present their product to their class.  The class will identify if they were persuaded to purchase the product. 

Students will prepare a persuasive essay focusing on marketing their product.  Additionally, they will sketch their product, and lastly, they will answer several questions to assist them in their preparation.  To that end, students will then present their product to their class.  The class will identify if they were persuaded to purchase the product. 

Description: In this lesson students will research existing products they wish to enhance. They will review products that have been accepted for enhancement or been developed through Big Kids For Kids” ~ Warren Buffet’s Secret Millionaire’s Club.  Through evaluating what has been created or re-created students will be motivated to challenge themselves thereby marketing their individual product. 

Targeted Standards in this Lesson

Common Core State Standards Grade 4 English Language Arts

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.1.A Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer's purpose.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1b Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.1.D Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.2.A Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2b Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.2.C Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases (e.g., another,for examplealsobecause).
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2d Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.2.E Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.5 With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-3 up to and including grade 4 here.)
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.6 With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of one page in a single sitting.
  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.7 Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.8 Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1c Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.3 Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.4 Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.5 Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.

New Jersey Core Content Standards - Social Studies

  • 6.1.4.B.9 Relate advances in science and technology to environmental concerns, and to actions taken to address them.   
  • 6.1.4.C.1 Apply opportunity cost to evaluate individuals’ decisions, including ones made in their communities.
  • 6.1.4.C.2 Distinguish between needs and wants and explain how scarcity and choice influence decisions made by individuals, communities, and nations.
  • 6.1.4.C.3 Explain why incentives vary between and among producers and consumers.
  • 6.1.4.C.4 Describe how supply and demand influence price and output of products.
  • 6.1.4.C.5 Explain the role of specialization in the production and exchange of goods and services.
  • 6.1.4.C.12 Evaluate the impact of ideas, inventions and other contributions of prominent figures who lived in New Jersey.
  • 6.1.4.C.13 Determine the qualities of entrepreneurs in a capitalistic society.      
  • 6.1.4.C.16 Explain how creativity and innovation resulted in scientific achievement and inventions in many cultures during different historical periods.

New Jersey Core Content Standards - Science 

  • 5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge.
    • 5.1.4.A.2    Use outcomes of investigations to build and refine questions, models, and explanations. 
    • 5.1.4.A.3    Use scientific facts, measurements, observations, and patterns in nature to build and critique scientific arguments.
    • 5.1.4.B.1    Design and follow simple plans using systematic observations to explore questions and predictions.   
    • 5.1.4.B.3    Formulate explanations from evidence. 
    • 5.1.4.B.4    Communicate and justify explanations with reasonable and logical arguments.

Targeted Standards in this Unit

Common Core State Standards Grade 4 English Language Arts

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.7 Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.5 Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.9 Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1b Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2b Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2d Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.5 With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-3 up to and including grade 4 here.)
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.6 With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of one page in a single sitting.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.8 Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.1c Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.3 Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.4 Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.
  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.4.5 Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.

Common Core State Standards Grade 4 Math

New Jersey Core Content Standards - Social Studies

New Jersey Core Content Standards - Science

  • 5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge.
  • C. Reflect on Scientific Knowledge: Scientific knowledge builds on itself over time.

New Jersey Grades 3-5 Technology Standards

  • 8.2.5.B.4: Research technologies that have changed due to society's changing needs and wants
  • 8.2.2.B.4: Indetify how the ways people live and work has changed because of technology
  • 8.2.5.A.1: Compare and contrast how products made in nature differ from products that are human made in how they are produced and used
  • 8.2.5.A.3: Invetifate and present factors that influence the development and function of products and systems, e.g., resources, criteria and constraints
  • 8.2.5.A.4: Compare and contrast how technologies have changed over time due to human needs and economic, political and/or cultural influences
  • 8.2.5.C.3: Research how design modification have lead to new products
  • 8.2.5.C.4: Collaborate and brainstorm with peers to solve a problem evaluating all solutions to provide the best results with supporting sketches or models
  • 8.2.5.C.7: Work with peers to resdesign an existing product for a different purpose